18 March 2019
Following pronounced market volatility and the US Federal Reserve’s tilt toward dovishness in January, the markets have been broadly characterised by stronger equity prices and lower bond yields. This combination is a potent mix that, in our view, will serve to extend the business cycle. Over the last month, that behavior will have only been reinforced, as other major central banks have followed suit and adopted a dovish stance: The Bank of Canada toned down its rhetoric around normalisation, the Bank of England doubled down on its wait-and-see approach, and the European Central Bank changed course and extended its dovish forward guidance. Combined, these shifts have had a pronounced impact across asset classes. In this edition of Monthly Macro View, Asset Allocation’s Macro Strategy Team analyses what could lie ahead for investors in the next two quarters.
A key catalyst of the global risk-off environment that we saw in late 2018 was a growing consensus that global growth was deteriorating quickly. Going forward, the markets will need to believe that the global economy isn’t imminently falling into a recession in order to maintain its current riskon mode.
We believe Beijing’s efforts to arrest the slowdown in the Chinese economy in the next 12 to 18 months are likely to be sufficient. With this in mind, we turn our attention to the US and Europe, where we expect growth prospects in both continents to continue to frustrate investors.
However, we do see some scope for a mild upswing in Europe and expect a notable improvement in US economic data this spring. This, we believe, should go some distance to easing fears of a global recession for the time being and provide some incentive for investors to add back some risks. However, we believe those same concerns will resurface in the fourth quarter of 2019.
When asked about the economic outlook for the US, we’ve taken to answering with a question of our own: What’s your time horizon? This is an important question, as we expect US economic data to operate in three distinct phases this year:
Pessimism about European growth has been rampant over the second half of 2018 and into 2019, and European stocks, from a valuation perspective, appear relatively cheap. Indeed, the gap between US and European price to earnings is approaching decade highs.2 Is it time to get excited about Europe again?
Economic data in Europe has been very weak, with most major euro economies suffering from rapidly declining Purchasing Managers’ Indexes (PMIs), faltering export activity, and slowing employment growth. Germany is in a manufacturing recession; the Italian economy also flirted with a recession in the second half of 2018, and prospects for growth are, to put it charitably, modest. Europe’s troubles have been multipronged:
These issues, however, now appear well priced into European assets; indeed, the European Citi Surprise Index has started to marginally improve (Chart 2). European data is not yet surprising to the upside, but the scope of its ability to disappoint is lessening.
The Age of AI: Economic Impact and the AI Investment Universe
Recent developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI) like breakthroughs in Natural Language Models (e.g. OpenAI’s ChatGPT), and advancements in Deep Learning, robotics and autonomous vehicles have sparked investor interest globally.
Q&A with the Portfolio Manager: Global Healthcare Equities
COVID-19 is largely behind us in terms of a global health crisis and a hard hit to global financial markets. Yet, amid a widely predicted economic recession, the world is adjusting to the post-pandemic era. In this Q&A, we highlight how our Global Healthcare Team adopts a differentiated approach by triangulating its investment thesis and quantifying key inputs into the investment framework.
India Equity Thought Leadership: Transitioning to India’s next stage of growth
We present how structural government reforms since 2014 gave rise to key growth drivers such as formalisation, creation of digital and physical infrastructure, and domestic manufacturing incentives, which, in turn, bolstered the economy’s resiliency. They will also introduce the emerging “Four Ds” – Digitisation, Deglobalisation, Decarbonisation, and Demography – which are new growth drivers slated to transform the country’s commercial environment.
Source: Bloomberg, Manulife Asset Management.
In our view, there are some moderate tailwinds that could help Europe find bottom in the second quarter.
Tail risks remain significant
As much as we believe that the balance of risks for European growth is tipped more to the upside than the downside, we’re not ready to be positive about the region’s outlook until (i) we see a stabilisation in economic data and (ii) we’re past two important tail risks:
1 Market data sourced to Bloomberg, as of 28 February 2019, unless otherwise noted.
2 Manulife Asset Management, FactSet, February 2019.
3 Exante data, as of 28 February 2019. 4 Bloomberg, OPEC, EIA, as of 19 February 2019.
4 Bloomberg, OPEC, EIA, as of 19 February 2019.